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TTC VIDEO - Medieval Europe: Crisis and Renewal [2008]

TTC VIDEO - Medieval Europe: Crisis and Renewal [2008]
Duration : 16 lectures for 45 minutes + introduction | Year : 2008 | Language : English | Quality : DVDRip | Format : AVI | Video codec : XviD | Audio Codec : MP3 | Video : XviD, 640x480, 4: 3, 780 kbps, 29,970 fps | Audio : MP3, 128 kbps, 48.0 kHz, 2 ch | 4.46 GB
Genre: History
The Middle Ages harshly tested human perseverance, imagination, and survival. Living conditions were squalid for almost everyone except the ruling elite; Most of the riches of Western culture were preserved in monasteries and on other continents.
Then came the widespread famines, the prolonged wars, and plagues that marked Europe's late medieval period as one of the most harrowing times in the recorded history.
But Europe was not broken by these crises. Instead, Europe renewed itself and spawned the fundamental art, religious, romantic, and political ideas that continue to shape our world to this day.
A Hero's Tale
This course is a hero's tale of trial, suffering, and triumph for the entire culture. Medieval Europe: Crisis and Renewal transports you to the 14th-century Europe and the guides you through the 200 years of stunning transformations in how people have seen themselves, how they worshiped, and their relationship to land and country.
Concepts as basic as national boundaries, church-state Separations, individuality, and sovereignty find Teofilo F. Ruiz.
The Plan of the Course
This 16-course course is divided into three sections.
Section 1 provides a framework for medieval society through detailed descriptions of what life was like for peasants, merchants, and monarchs.
In Section 2, you see how this hard and well-entrenched social structure was shaken to the core by several crises. By name alone, medieval turning points such as the Hundred Years War and the Black Death still evoke shudders in the human psyche.
In Section 3, you see the glorious renewal that followed the devastation of the 14th century: the spread of Renaissance ideas and styles from Northern Italy throughout western Europe; The creation of the modern nation in Castile, France, and England; The "rediscovery" of Plato; And far-reaching voyages of discovery.
The roots of what is often inappropriately referred to as the "early modern world" are found in the transformations of the 14th and 15th centuries.
Your Guide
Understanding medieval Europe is a special challenge. As historian Professor Ruiz observes, "The nuts and bolts of history that reveal so much-deeds, wills, legal records, etc.-simply did not exist in the same quantity for medieval Europe as they do for the modern world."
Thus, a guide as capable as Professor Ruiz is a special feature of this course. A native of Cuba who narrowly escaped a firing squad during Castro's revolution, he is a Professor of History and Chair of the Department at the University of California at Los Angeles.
Professor Ruiz has been named one of four Outstanding Teachers of the Year in the United States by the Carnegie Foundation. He has been taught at several universities including Princeton University-as the 250th Anniversary Visiting Professor for Distinguished Teaching.
Section 1: Medieval Europe (Lectures 1-4)
This introductory section. Understanding how medieval men and women imagined their society and saw themselves providing insight on how they responded to the great crises about to be unleashed.
Peasants were the most dramatically affected by late medieval crises. You examine their difficult everyday lives and crucial, but lowly, role in society.
You explore the rise of cities and cities and examine the source of so much inspiring art and great learning that shaped society in the Middle Ages and beyond.
You see how the power of the papacy was envied and emulated throughout Europe and how this caused landmark changes in the relationship between church and state.
Section 2: Crisis (Lectures 5-8)
Hunger. You study the great famines of 1315-17 and their impact on the European society in succeeding decades. The inability of medieval governments to deal with the consequences of widespread hunger-rising violence, crimes against property, high mortality rates, and weakening of the population-gravely foreshadows.
War. You study the Hundred Years War, though not in a strict narrative form. The focus is on the medieval Europe. You observe extensively the impact of military technology on society, the role of war in social change, the rise of knightly orders, and the contradictions between war's savagery and chivalry's ideals.
The Black Death. The bubonic plague had an enormous impact on Europeans in the mid-14th century. You examine the development of the church after the plague, violence against Jews and lepers, and the reaction of authorities to its onslaught.
Popular Rebellions. You learn insight into the many peasant and urban uprisings that resulted in individuals on top of society. Those below, and those caught in the middle, often reacted with increasing violence. You discuss three case studies-the Jacquerie in France (1356), the Ciompi in Florence (1378), and the Peasant Uprising in England (1381) -that illustrate general unrest throughout late medieval Europe.
Section 3: Renewal (Lectures 9-15)
Politics. You study the new political concepts formed in the late Middle Ages, including the first steps toward the invention of the nation-state. Centralized monarchies, the harbingers of modernity, emerged at the end of the 15th century in Castile, France, and England as a result of the crises that pushed thinkers and rulers to develop concepts of sovereignty. You examine a case study of the Kingdom of Castile and how the age-old medieval institutions were used by the Castilian monarchy to organize the nation-state.
Culture and Mentality. You study the birth of Renaissance culture in Italy in the 14th and 15th centuries and its distribution to other parts of Western Europe. Beginning with Dante, the elements of Renaissance Humanism and art are shown as transforming factors in medieval culture. New aesthetic sensibilities and a new spirit are addressed in terms of important developments-the spread of the Renaissance ideas, the survival of the "old" forms of the medieval culture, and the rise of secular attitudes in art, education, politics, and the economy.
Love, Sexuality, and Misogyny. After briefly reviewing medieval attitudes towards love, you see how the concepts of love, sexuality, the body, and marriage were transformed by the crises of the late Middle Ages. Boccaccio's Decameron and Chaucer's Canterbury Tales are studies for statements on love and sexuality. The Spanish Inquisition, the witch craze, and other examples of European societies are also explored at length.
The Blending of High and Popular Culture. You see how festivals, jousts, pas d'armes (passage of arms), and carnivals expand the power and influence of nation-states.
Conclusion: The Beginnings of Modernity (Lecture 16)
Professor Ruiz's final lecture summarizes the course and presents a view to the future. The Fall of Constantinople and the subsequent reception of Greek Classical knowledge in the West, the disruption of trade routes in the East, and the voyages of discovery are all treated as dramatic transforming factors in European lives.
Names of lectures
00. Professor Bio
01. Europe in 1300-An Introduction
02. Europe in 1300-Rural Society
03. Europe in 1300-Urban Society
04. Europe in 1300-Church, State and Learning
05. An Age of Crises-Hunger
06. An Age of Crises-War
07. An Age of Crises-The Black Death
08. An Age of Crises-Popular Rebellions
09. Late Medieval Society-Politics
10. Late Medieval Society-Castile in the Fifteenth Century
11. Late Medieval Society-Culture and Mentality, Part I
12. Late Medieval Society-Culture and Mentality, Part II
13. Late Medieval Society-Love, Sexuality, and Misogyny, Part I
14. Late Medieval Society-Love, Sexuality, and Misogyny, Part II
15. Late Medieval Society-The Blending of High and Popular Culture
16. The Beginnings of Modernity
TTC VIDEO - Medieval Europe: Crisis and Renewal [2008]

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